Basal Cell Carcinoma Causes, Prevention and Treatments

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is type of skin cancer that found the most in human. There are about one million American diagnosed and an estimated 20,000 people who die from skin cancer or basal cell carcinoma worldwide each year.

Basal cell carcinoma mostly appears on the face, ears shoulder and neck where the skin is easily exposed to sunlight or dust, X –ray treatment, low vitamins intake and some chemical may cause serious BCC. However, it can also appear on other parts of body such as the abdomen, leg, and scalp exposed to sun’s ultraviolet rays. Early diagnostic and treatment will help to reduce damage the skin and cause an ulcer known as a rodent ulcer. In some cases, contact with arsenic, exposure to radiation, open sores, lesions that do not heal, inflammatory skin conditions, and complications of burn scars, infection, vaccination, or even tattoos are contributing factors

Basal Cell Carcinoma Causes

  • There is some people develops basal cell carcinomas by exposed to fiberglass dust and dry cleaning. Also, prior non-diagnostic X-ray treatment for skin conditions increased risk of both cancers.
  • Several studies have shown an association between cumulative ultraviolet exposure and risk of basal cell carcinoma, although the magnitude of risk conferred has been small.
  • There is also other non-ultraviolet environmental exposures that have been associated with increased risk of basal cell carcinoma include ionizing radiation, high dietary energy (especially fat), low intake of vitamins, and various chemicals and dust. Exposure to arsenic predisposes to multiple basal cell carcinomas.
  • Lately UK has also been reported that 2% of such tumors could be associated with exposure to radon.
  • Some research found squamous cell carcinomas in people exposed to insecticides, herbicides, fungicides and seed treatments as well petroleum products, grease, and several other exposures.

Basal Cell Carcinoma Prevention

  • If you would like to get tan, do so slowly, starting at 15 minutes a day, max. Work up to greater exposure, but only if there is no damage, not even slight damage, to your skin. Basal cell carcinoma tends to be more virulent among people who get most of the tanning from tanning beds.
  • The most important nutrients for preventing basal cell carcinoma are antioxidants supplement and vegetable. The main principal is using n-acetyl cysteine (NAC), selenium, and vitamins C and E. NAC works synergistically with vitamins C and E to protect the “watchdog” gene p53 that keeps skin cells with damaged DNA from continuing to grow and multiply. Selenium and vitamin E help the skin make the “super-antioxidant” glutathione, and another antioxidant, alpha-lipoic acid, will help keep glutathione from being broken down in the liver. Alpha-lipoic acid is especially important for people who work or exercise outdoors.
  • What else can you do to relieve and prevent basal carcinoma? Number one, wear sunscreen or sun block lotion. The recommendation used to be to use at least SPF-15 on sun-exposed skin in the summer. Now more doctors tell their patients to use a stronger (higher number) sun screen any time of year.

Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment

Treatment of BCC is depending on the size, depth, and location of the basal cell cancer. Here are treatments options that available include:

  • MOHS surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Cryosurgery (freezing cancer cells)
  • Topical chemotherapy
  • Photodynamic therapy.

Treating Basal cell with MOHS is by far the best way to prevent the Basal cell cancer from coming back (about a one percent chance of returning) while other types of basal cell treatment are less effective (about a ten percent return rate). MOHS is a surgical procedure that involves removing tumor tissue layer by layer. Each of the layers of removed tissue is then scanned for cancer cells under a microscope.

Scleroderma Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Scleroderma is connective tissue disease changes in the skin, blood vessels, skeletal muscles, and internal organs. It’s also known as systemic sclerosis. This disease affects approximately 300,000 people in the US, and the rates keep increasing 2-20 % yearly. Found more common in women than men. Genes are also playing in leading to the development of scleroderma. A connective tissue disease is one that affects tissues such as skin, tendons, and cartilage. Scleroderma can be classified in terms of the degree and location of the skin involvement.

Symptoms of Scleroderma

  • Heartburn: is a result of stomach acid back flowing up into the esophagus causes heart burn.
  • Diffuse form of scleroderma: symmetric thickening of skin of the extremities, face, trunk (chest, back, abdomen, or flanks).
  • Constipation
  • Stomach cramps and diarrhea.
  • Difficulty swallowing and/or localized pain in the central chest.
  • Shorted breath, especially with physical exertion.
  • Elevated blood pressure is potentially serious and can lead to kidney damage
  • Headache, fatigue, and in severe cases, stroke.
  • Elevated pressure in the arteries to the lungs (pulmonary hypertension) can also cause shortness of breath and difficulty getting an adequate breath with activity.

Causes of Scleroderma

Scleroderma causes inflammation and thickening of the skin. In these disorders, a person’s antibodies are directed against his or her own tissues.

  • Exposure to industrial solvents or an environmental agent may play a role in predisposing to scleroderma.
  • Plaquenil drug has relatively few side effects, and it’s also effective for the arthritis that can be associated with scleroderma. This medication to affect the way immune cells work.

Scleroderma has been categorized into two major groups, diffuse and limited:

  1. Diffuse form of scleroderma: can rapidly progress to hardening after an early inflammatory phase. Organ disease can occur early on and be serious. Organs affected include the esophagus, bowels, and lungs with scarring (fibrosis), heart, and kidneys.
  2. Limited scleroderma: typically has gradual onset and is restricted to certain areas of the skin. Reynaud’s phenomenon is due to vasoconstriction of the small arteries of exposed peripheries - particularly the hands and feet - in the cold temperature. The skin changes and other features of disease tend to occur more slowly than in the diffuse form. Because a characteristic clinical pattern can occur in patients with the limited form of scleroderma, this form has taken another name which is composed of the first initials of the common components. Telangiectasia is a condition caused by the swelling of tiny blood vessels, in which small red spots appear on the hands and face. While not painful, these red spots can create cosmetic problems. Genetic predisposition appears to be limited: genetic concordance is small; still, there often is a familial predisposition for autoimmune disease. Polymorphisms in COL1A and TGF-ß1 may influence severity and development of the disease. There is limited evidence implicating cytomegalovirus (CMV) as the original epitope of the immune reaction, and organic solvents and other chemical agents have been linked with scleroderma.

Treatments of Scleroderma

  • Medications that help with blood circulation such as, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and low-dose enteric-coated aspirin.
  • Tracleer is an oral medication that has been approved for pulmonary hypertension in people with scleroderma.
  • Prilosec, Nexium, or Prevacid will help to relieve esophagus irritation and heartburn.
  • Antacids can also be helpful for heartburn as well.
  • Elevating the head of the bed can reduce backflow of acid into the esophagus that causes inflammation and heartburn.
  • Avoiding caffeine and cigarette smoking also helps for Scleroderma patient.
  • People with scleroderma-related lung disease found cyclophosphamide modestly improved lung function and quality of life. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) is sometimes used to treat pulmonary fibrosis.

Raynaud’s Disease Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Raynaud’s disease is rare disorders that affect by narrowing of the blood vessels. Raynaud’s is a condition in which the blood supply to the extremities usually happens to the fingers and toes, but they are also affected the ears and nose too. This disease is characterized by episodic attacks, called vasospastic attacks that cause the blood vessels in the fingers and toes to constrict. Raynaud’s syndrome could be secondary to another condition such as scleroderma or lupus. Raynaud’s disease has seen more in women than in men. And it could occur at any age. It is almost 4 - 5% of American population is affected.

Causes of Raynauds’s disease

Doctors don’t really understand what’s the cause of Raynaud’s attacks, but blood vessels in the hands and feet seem to overreact to stress or cold temperatures.

When you are exposed to cold temperatures, your body started losing heat and slows down blood supply to your fingers and toes to preserve your body’s core temperature. The body specifically reduces blood flow by narrowing the small arteries under the skin of your extremities. In people with stress, Raynaud’s disease response is exaggerated. Stress causes a similar reaction to cold in your body, and likewise the body’s response may be exaggerated.

Symptoms of Raynaud’s disease.

  1. When Raynaud’s disease patients exposed to cold temperatures, the blood supply to the fingertips, toes, nose, and earlobes are reduced and the skin turns pale or white, the patient becomes cold and numb.
  2. When the oxygen supply is depleted, the skin color turns blue (called cyanosis).

Treatment of Raynaud’s disease

There is no available method to prevent the development of Raynaud’s disease. Further, there is also no known to cure for this disease. Therefore, the best supportive management available is avoidance of the trigger. The most proper methods are medical care and avoidance of Reynaud’s disease.

The simplest way is adjusting your lifestyles will be effective for relief that found by many people. Patient need to stay warm, and keep their hands and feet well covered in cold temperature. Gloves alone allow heat to escape, so needed layered clothing, scarves, heavy coats, heavy socks, and mittens under gloves are suggested. Patients should also cover or close the space between their sleeves and mittens. Indoors, they should wear socks and comfortable shoes. Nicotine will worsen the problem with smoker, so quit smoke will benefit. Avoid the use of vibrating tools as well.

Non-medication treatment of Renaud’s disease

Biofeedback has been known to be safe and effective for some Renaud’s disease patient. These designed techniques to help a person gain control over involuntary body functions, such as skin temperature, heart rate, or blood pressure. Biofeedback training is necessary and several methods are available on the web.

Eczema Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Eczema is one of big problem for teenagers because their age is the most group that prone to pores becoming clogged. Eczema is a condition in which your skin becomes irritated, red and itchy. Atopic eczema is the most common form of skin disease and sometimes doctors don’t know exactly the answer. Eczema may lead to blisters and oozing lesions, but eczema can also result in dry and scaly skin. Repeated scratching may lead to thickened, crusty skin.

Symptoms of Eczema

  • Itching sensation
  • Reddening of the skin
  • Swelling of the affected areas
  • Blistering and crusting

Causes of Eczema

  • Skin reaction resulting from exposure to allergens or irritants.
  • Xerotic eczema is dry skin becomes so severe, it will become eczema.
  • Soaps, and shampoos, allergy to wheat (gluten), etc. may be trigger eczema

Treatment of Eczema

  • Take Atrax, flu tablet pill or using diprocel cream to reduce itching.
  • Sun or ultra-violet light therapy is the best method to cure eczema.
  • Applying pure essential oils extracted from plants to relieve eczema symptoms and heal process of repairing the skin.
  • Applying a topical steroid such as Corticosteroids that prescribe by your doctor, don’t use for long period of time may cause thinning your skin.
  • Consume foods like yogurt, fermented and unfermented milk, miso, tempeh, and soy beverages for natural probiotics to kill bacteria that cause eczema.
  • Managing your stress, keeping a healthy diet with plenty of fiber, limiting alcohol consumption will be long term prevention from eczema.
  • Take Anti-histamines medicine over the counter to reduce inflammation
    Avoid excessive scrubbing and toweling after bathing your child.
  • Apply moisturizing ointments, lotions, or creams to your child’s skin regularly.
  • Aloe Vera is the herb that has been used helping people with eczema.
  • Tincture and creams are available from Oregon grape is very good product to treat eczema.

Try Skin Care Body Lotion For Psoriatic Arthritis

Many are starting to reap the benefits associated with skin care body lotion for psoriatic arthritis. In recent years, medical professionals have established this form of arthritis. If you suffer from this, your immune system is normally jeopardized. Due to popular belief, it is not a skin condition, but it does have a large impact on the skin. In addition to the skin, it also affects the joints, tissues, and similar areas in the body. If you suffer from this condition, you should consider various types of dermal care emollients.

Who Gets Psoriatic Arthritis and How Can emollients Help?

Any person, at any age can develop this form of arthritis, but it seems to be most common among those that are in their thirties. Not everyone that develops this arthritic condition has arthritis, but it has been estimated that nearly half do have psoriasis at onset. Overall, there is no conclusive evidence on what causes this condition. It has been determined that having either a history of psoriasis or a genetic predisposition to this skin condition, or arthritis in general, can increase the risk of developing the skin and joint condition.

Dermal care emollient for this type of arthritis can be extremely beneficial in soothing the swelling and pain that result from the ailment. However, many with this condition may also suffer from the effects of standard arthritis. This may result in dryness and irritation of the skin. Individuals who use dermal creams are less likely to experience discomfort as a result of these characteristics. Furthermore, the vitamins, minerals, and water that is normally contained within these creams can be extremely beneficial in promoting new skin growth and basic skin regeneration.

What Other Treatments Can Be Used With Dermal Care Emollients?

People who have this medical disease usually do not require consistent treatment. While it is a good idea to use emollients for the purpose of dermal care on a regular basis, over the counter and prescription pain medications are usually only encouraged when the symptoms flare up and result in a general lack of quality in a person’s life and comfort level. It has been discovered that medications that result in reducing the swelling associated with this condition are effective. Pain relievers that contain anti-inflammatory agents are also recommended in conjunction with pain relieving creams for topical application.

What Ingredients Make The Best Dermal Care Cream?

There are many dermal care creams and ointments on the market today. If you are looking for a product that will soothe the symptoms associated with psoriatic arthritis, it is important to consider the symptoms that you are trying to treat. These symptoms may include:

  • Burning
  • Itching
  • General Pain
  • Rash
  • Irritation
  • Burning

One of the best ingredients involves that of aloe vera. Not only does this ingredient help in providing immediate topical relief, it also effectively hydrates the skin. You should also consider ingredients that are derived from cayenne peppers to provide immediate relief to general pain. Choosing these ingredients in a skin care lotion for Psoriatic Arthritis can prove to be very effective for providing you with the relief that is needed.

Pemphigus Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

pemphigus-vulgaris-picture.jpgPemphigus is a rare skin disease that causes by autoimmune disorders when body’s defense attacks its own tissues and cells.

Autoantibodies is antibodies attack one’s own cells. The part of the cells that are attacked in pemphigus are proteins called desmogleins. Desmogleins form the glue that attaches skin cells together, keeping the skin intact. When autoantibodies attack desmogleins, the cells become separated from each other. when skin becomes unglued. This causes burn-like lesions or blisters that do not heal. In some cases, these blisters occur a significant area of the skin.

Symptoms of Pemphigus

  • Oral mucous membrane lesions
  • Blister on skin
  • Lesions usually start upper trunk and back. Gradual extension on face, groin, and maxillae.

Causes of Pemphigus

There are 3 types of Pemphigus:

  1. Pemphigus vulgaris: Most common type of Pemphigus found majority in Middle East. Sore in the mouth, difficult to eat. Occur in mid to late adult life (40-60 of age).
  2. Pemphigus foliaceus: body’s immune system destroyed protein caused crusty sores, then move to chest, back, and face. and is often mis-diagnosed as dermatitis or eczema.
  3. Paraneoplastic pemphigus: is disease that causes 50% of chance of inheriting the disorder by parents have HHD.

Treatment of PemphigusBiopsy are needed before treatment

  • Take high doses of orally steroids (prednisone 120-240 mg/day). Unfortunately,, high-dose of steroids for long term causes its own morbidity and mortality.
  • Antibiotics may be used for treatment. If skin lesions do become infected.
  • Talcum powder is used to prevent oozing sores from adhering to bedsheets and clothes.